What is your favorite kind of medieval helmet?

Terco_Viejo

Spanish Gifquisition
Sergeant Knight at Arms
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Spanish Capacete with Gorjal
Last quarter of the 15th century.
Calatayud.




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TheBlackRose said:
One of my favorite's definity has to be the late medieval sallet. My favorite helmet of all time is the sallet of Boabdil (Muhammad XII). It's an utterly beautiful piece of art. I think it looks absolutely heroic

Comrade, I'm sorry to tell you it's not true what you're saying. It is not from Boabdil, but from Philip I of Castile, "the Beautiful One". You can check it here: https://www.patrimonionacional.es/colecciones-reales/colecciones/armeria/celada-de-felipe-i-de-castilla-el-hermoso-0

[...] Because of the orientalizing character of the decoration it was also linked in the nineteenth century without foundation to Boabdil, the last sultan of Muslim Granada.




 

matmohair1

Marquis
M&BWBWF&SNWVC
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Terco_Viejo said:
Comrade, I'm sorry to tell you it's not true what you're saying. It is not from Boabdil, but from Philip I of Castile, "the Beautiful One". You can check it here: https://www.patrimonionacional.es/colecciones-reales/colecciones/armeria/celada-de-felipe-i-de-castilla-el-hermoso-0

[...] Because of the orientalizing character of the decoration it was also linked in the nineteenth century without foundation to Boabdil, the last sultan of Muslim Granada.
Here's the possible Sallet of Boabdil

:arrow: https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1983.413/







Andalusian Armor

Part of the confusion is the result of centuries of cultural exchange between Spain and North Africa. Moorish warriors still wore
European helmets and armor up until the 16th century. Arab sources even mention them, specifically favoring Castilian armor
and fashion. Andalusian nobility often wore similar armor, to the Spanish mercenaries and guardsmen they hired...

8th to 9th centuries


10th to 11th centuries - helmets with wide, western style nasals



12th century - forward peaked helmets and face plate visors





13th century - great-helms, sugar-loafs and Iberian bowl helmets




14th century - bascinets



15th to 16th century - sallets




Armor sets of Philip I

More helmets and armor sets, previously ascribed
to Boabdil but now attributed to Philip I of Castile...




Inventario Illuminado: Pictorial Inventory of Arms and Armor of Emperor Charles V

:arrow: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/27213

"Spanish arms and armour, being a historical and
descriptive account of the Royal Armoury of Madrid."

  :arrow: https://archive.org/details/spanisharmsarmou00calviala





Resplendence of the Spanish Monarchy:
Renaissance Tapestries and Armor from the Patrimonio Nacional

:arrow: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/metpublications/Resplendence_of_the_Spanish_Monarchy_Renaissance_Tapestries_and_Armor_from_the_Patrimonio_Nacional

Sallet with Pomegranate crest


Jousting Frog-mouth



Caperuza helmet


 

Al_Mansur

Grandmaster Knight
WB
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My favorite type is probably the early to mid 15th century Frogmouth, either as helm or great bascinet

Original:









Reenactment (the last three are late 15th - early 16th c. though):







matmohair1 said:
Norse Eye-Guard Helmets





There is also the Yarm helmet (which might be Anglo-Saxon according to some) found in England, but there are strong suspicions about its authenticity:

Terco_Viejo said:
Comrade, I'm sorry to tell you it's not true what you're saying. It is not from Boabdil, but from Philip I of Castile, "the Beautiful One". You can check it here: https://www.patrimonionacional.es/colecciones-reales/colecciones/armeria/celada-de-felipe-i-de-castilla-el-hermoso-0
I remember how disappointed I was when I learned that it hadn't any link with Boabdil. As a kid this helmet fascinated me, and when I saw it in the Real Armeria of Madrid, I slightly push on the showcase, which made the helmet swing on its mount. I was like 'wow I just moved the helmet of Boabdil!'  :facepalm:
Still an amazing helmet.
 

matmohair1

Marquis
M&BWBWF&SNWVC
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Sir Geoffrey Luttrell, His Wife
and Daughter-In-Law - 1340



Visored Helms - 14th century



Armets - 15th century



 

matmohair1

Marquis
M&BWBWF&SNWVC
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Bellows Visored Sallet by Giorgione, 1509
Portrait of Warrior with his Equerry,
Uffizi, Historic Centre of Florence...


 

Captured Joe

Marquis
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Good old Tannhäuser and his iconic Teutonic winged helmet (which probably was never worn by the Teutonic Knights themselves, but it looks cool).

 

AmateurHetman

Knight
M&BWBWF&SNWVC
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I like the armet in this illustration. I'm also fond of the barbute that is labelled as number 4.
I find this whole Condotierre's armour very pleasing in general.

 

matmohair1

Marquis
M&BWBWF&SNWVC
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Captured Joe said:
Good old Tannhäuser and his iconic Teutonic winged helmet (which probably was never worn by the Teutonic Knights themselves, but it looks cool).

:wink: Most Teutonic knights just wore only the basic armor required. Personal coats of arms were forbidden.
However Grand masters and Confrère Knights may have been an exception. Winged and horned helmets where popular
at the time, mostly in tournaments, thou appearing sometimes on the battlefield, albeit with a simpler, lighter construction...





standard Teutonic helmets and crests from
Der Deutschorden, by Rolf Fuhrmann


Teutonic round helmet crests





Heinruch von Vesler's "Apokalypse"ordered by Luder of Braunschweig,
Great Master of the Teutonic Order during the years 1331 - 1355
Nicolaus Copernicus University library, Toruń


Grand Master Arms and Crest 
Armorial Gelre, fol. 111v°. L.: Die meyster v Prusen


Shield of Grand Master Karl von Trier (1311- 1324)
Innsbruck Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum


Personal heraldry on frescoes from Juditten Church



15th century Teutonic knights, by A.V. Kurkin


 

matmohair1

Marquis
M&BWBWF&SNWVC
Best answers
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Conical nasal helmets, with curved tips







Chronica Majora of Matthew Paris,
compiled between 1240 and 1253

:arrow: http://warfare.cf/13/Chronica_Majora.htm

Saladin Capturing the True Cross at Hattin, 1187


Battle of Damietta, 1219


Treaty between Nazir of Kerak and the Count of Brittany, 1241


Armies and Enemies of the Crusades,
1096-1291 by Ian Heath ...