What is your favorite kind of medieval helmet?


Knight at Arms
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Sallet helmet is my favourite helmet due to its cool looking shape and functionality.


Harld V

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I like the viking helmets. They look really cool and the horns for nobles and elite warriors make them look even cooler.
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Çiçek(flower) helmet-Spahi wore these

Janissary Börk

I dont know how fictional these Japanese helmets are but if they are real wow!

I learnt about these Cuman-Kypchak helmets thanks to the Bannerlord Cpt mode videos(Khuzaits) they also look good.

These Roman helmets really give the impression of professionalism though !


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One of my favorite's definity has to be the late medieval sallet. My favorite helmet of all time is the sallet of Boabdil (Muhammad XII). It's an utterly beautiful piece of art. I think it looks absolutely heroic

I also love ancient Greek helmets, especially the Trojan/Corinthian types with the plumes on top.

I also really like this style. It's quite similar but it's more open in the facial area with the two parts protruding from the helmet and covering the cheeks.



Master Knight
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I was looking at mongolian armor on google images and for somereason, this guy's helmet speaks to me.



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KhergitLancer80 said:
Lolbash the first one is a Cuman-Kypchak helmet dunno about the second one though :mrgreen:.
Both are 13th to 14th century, Mongol styles
associated with Ilkhanids and the Golden Horde...

similar piece of armor from the 15th century...

The oldest record of full facial masks in the middle east goes back as far
as the Greek Seleucid empire, worn mostly by heavy cavalry as well
as Galatian charioteers. Such armor was later adopted by Parthian,
Palmyran, and Armenian cataphracts , then later by Sassanian savarans...

The masked helmets worn by Kipchaks and Cumans itself may have
been adopted from the Middle East, as part of the probable artistic revival
of Persian Sassanian elements. This is also evident in literature such as the
Shahnemeh and even the 1001 Nights (Shahryar was a fictional Sassanid King!) 

Such examples would possibly influence Russian and
other Eurasian styles, connected throughout the silk road...

Pechenegs, Kipchacks ad Cumans would therefore be expected
to adopt and merge both Persian and Slavic styles while also
developing their own artistic preferences...

Similar forms of cultural exchange continued up until the 17th century.
This may explain why many Russian and Polish helmets resemble
those used by the Mamluks, Ottomans and Safavids...

Origin of the lobster helmet :arrow: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lobster-tailed_pot_helmet#Origin

Antiquities of Russian country - Volume III  :arrow: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Antiquities_of_Russian_country_-_Volume_III

:mrgreen: & the story doesn't end there...

:wink: its a small world after all!


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Chinese Winged Helmets

Tang Dynasty

Sung & Yuan periods

Chinese armor in the Middle East

Sung to Ming periods

Chinese generals in the pre-colonial
Philippines, Boxer Codex - 1590




Harld V

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Viking helmet with horn.https://imgur.com/a/NoG7P

Knight helmet barbutet https://imgur.com/a/aSRJh

Another knight helmet with lots of holes. Looks scary like a dark soul knight https://imgur.com/a/RD6AF

I also like the tiny little ornaments for christmas tree sticking to the helmet give the knight a very scary look https://imgur.com/a/Md5uC

I also am not a weeaboo but this helmet looks very cool you have to admit it https://imgur.com/a/WEqTh

Harld V

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also this samurai helmet is also cool and scary and big and have lots of horns to show noble rank. https://imgur.com/a/VjWcP


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Anthropomorphic helmets, Tang China

Tang folded helmets

Double folded helmets and armor

Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period

Khurasani cavalrymen in Abbasid service, wearing
folded helmet coverings, 9th - 10th centuries


The Mystery of of the helmet of
Sultan Murad IV (1612 - 1640)

Until recently, portraits of him, commonly depict his helmet as
a solid structure with winged corners, the shapes seems to be drawn
more rigid over the years, as each artist interprets them differently...

However many ottoman sources depict it differently,
with the emphasis on its chain mail pattern, sometimes
raised or relaxed, which may point out that it may be a
raised mail aventail after all, rather than a full helmet...

The same armor set is also depicted on later sultans such as
Mustafa II (1664 - 1703 / left) compared here with Murad IV (right)
notice how the aventail is raised and tied or pinned just above the turban...

Ottoman miniature showing Hamza (Prophet Muhammad's uncle)
riding a Simurgh phoenix, and clad in contemporary arms and armor 

A similar armor set does indeed exist and may be the closest
to the ones worn by them both. This armor set belongs to the
Sultan Mustafa III (1717 - 1773) and shares many features...

Close up of the helmet compared
with another portrait of Murad IV

Interesting 2016 attempted, media portrayal of Murad IV
thou the helmet is larger, while the aventail seems shorter



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T shaped nasals - 12th century

Yuan Dynasty Mongolian, plate and mail helmet
with an anchor shaped sliding nasal (Indian influence?)

comparisons with later Indian helmets


Mongolian helmet grills 13th - 14th centuries

visored helmets from the  "Big Head"
Shahnama by Firdawsi, Gilan, Iran, 1494


Solid chin-straps, 12th - 13th centuries

Baviere, chin-guards, 14th - 15th centuries

Middle Eastern Baviere, 14th - 15th centuries

Faceplate Helmet, a riveted bascinet
with faceplate and mail reconstruction,
displayed and discussed by Knyght Errant



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Lamellar Helmets

journey across the Northern Hemisphere...

Greek boar's tusk helmets

Siberian Kulay Culture - Iron Age

Scythians and Samaritans

Arctic Chukchi 19th century

Far East

Chinese Helmets

Eastern Zhou dynasty 770 - 221 BC

Qin dynasty 221 – 206 BC

Han dynasty 206 BC – 220 AD

Jin dynasty 265 – 420

Northern and Southern dynasties 420 – 589

Tang dynasty 618 – 907

Korea 6th - 7th centuries

Korean and Japanese, shared styles

Chinese, Mongol and Tibetan helmets

Multi-Plate Helmet of 31 Lames
15th - 16th century

Multi-Plate Helmet of 32 Lames
14th - 16th century

Multi-Plate Helmet of 42 Lames
15th century

Multi-Plate Helmet of 46 Lames
13th - 15th century

Multi-Plate Helmet of 49 Lames
15th - 17th century

Eurasian Steppe

Kangju and Xiongnu

Huns 370 - 469

Avar 567 - 822

Turks  7th - 10th centuries

Migration Period

Eastern Roman Empire 6th - 7th centuries

Niederstotzingen helmets - Vandal, Goth, Lombard, Frank...etc.



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Selection of Helmet designs, 12th to 13th centuries

Nasal, Enclosed, kettle, Great-helms, Sugar Loafs, as well as,
early prototypes of Barbutes and Bascinets (visored Great-helms)