The more you know!

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#426 California might be derived from a word meaning caliphate

The name likely derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia,
as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo [...]
In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen
to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible the name California was meant to imply the island was a Caliphate.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California


#427 The radioactive element californium is named after California (and the university where it was discovered in 1950).
 

crodio

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#428
the last named element is called Oganesson, and its symbol is Og.
so there is an OG element
 

Adorno

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Weird. On my table no. 118 is Ununoctium (Uuo), but it must be the same.
 

crodio

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Adorno said:
Weird. On my table no. 118 is Ununoctium (Uuo), but it must be the same.
that and similar names are just placeholder names. when they decide to give it a name, the ununumsomething names get scrapped
Roccoflipside said:
If it was og wouldn't it be first?
yes sadly the scientific community is stubbornly dogmatic  and they don't seem willing to listen to reason
 

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#429 More surprising Arabic etymologies

Albatross = Al+qadus
Albert = Al+baradar
Albedo = Al+bayḍ
Allele = Al+lillah
 

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#430 Ebola is no longer considered an incurale disease, WHO has concluded.

4 types of medicin has been tested* in DRC. 2 of them (monoclonal antibodies**) has reduced mortality considerably.
For a group of infected people who received treatment right after the first symptoms, mortality was down to 11% and 6%.


*Randomised trials
*Not sure if that's the correct English term
 

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#431 Isotherms were invented by Alexander von Humbolt (in a work published) in 1817.
It's those circles/lines you see when checking the weather. It's a line that connects points on a map that have the same temperature.
Isobars - to show atmospheric pressure - work the same way.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contour_line#Temperature_and_related_subjects

 

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#432 The Danish–Algerian War is a little known war (also in Denmark) that lasted from 1769 to 1772.

The new Dey of Algier demanded a higher tribute for free passage of Danish-Norwegian ships in the Mediterranean Sea.
Denmark refused and Algier quickly seized three Danish-Norwegian ships and enslaved the crew.

Denmark retaliated by sending 4 ships to bombard the capital. It was a complete disaster with most of the crew dying from typhoid fever.
The ships were not even constructed to fire the large guns on board. About 75 bombs were used and the attack was cancelled.

In 1772 a delegation negotiated peace on Algerian terms, and Denmark-Norway had to buy free all the slaves from the pirated ships.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danish–Algerian_War
 

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#433 The first film to receive the new PG-13 rating in 1984 was Red Dawn, starring Patrick Swayze.
In it a group of US teenagers defend their town from Soviet soldiers.

"At the time it was released, Red Dawn was considered the most violent film by the Guinness Book of Records and The National Coalition on Television Violence"
In the remake from 2012, starring Chris Hemsworth - also titled Red Dawn - the teenagers fight North Korean soldiers instead.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Dawn
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Dawn_(2012_film)
 

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Exactly. It got the PG rating, but Spielberg was always bordering the PG rating with his scary films for kids.
But an R rating also meant you couldn't sell merchandice for kids.
So Spielberg used his enormous influence to get the PG-13 rating. Et voilá: violent films for kids.

Of the top ten biggest films ever made, 9 are PG-13. And of the 43 films that have broken $1 billion dollars, 33 carried that check-cashing PG-13 rating.
https://www.businessinsider.com/indiana-jones-and-the-temple-of-doom-created-pg-13-rating-2014-4?r=US&IR=T
 

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#434 In autumn of 1943 Heinrich Himmler* launched a secret operation to optain the Codex Aesinas Lat. 8 in Jesi (Italy).
It's a medieval handwritten text of Tacitus' "Germania".
A military SS unit searched a palazzo, belonging to the count of Jesi, at the centre of town, but failed to retrieve it (it was in fact hidden in another palazzo).

In 1936, when Hitler met Mussolini, he personally asked for the manuscript to be brought to Germany. Il Duce, at first not knowing it, accepted, but later declined.


*Himmler was an amateur archaeologist and fascinated with everything "Germanic" (and founder of the Ahnenerbe).


- https://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/2015/04/22/some-notes-on-the-modern-history-of-the-codex-aesinas-of-tacitus-germania-c/
- https://books.google.dk/books?id=AYnEqnyFOTMC&pg=PA17&lpg=PA17&dq=codex+aesinas+lat+8&source=bl&ots=I9hUBQ9gQ6&sig=ACfU3U2CYBgs9ZkMnWkn1Ev8J__V4p0V-Q&hl=da&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjx4Inmz9PlAhVPYlAKHYIcBycQ6AEwAnoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=codex%20aesinas%20lat%208&f=false
- Lund, Allan A (2016), Tacitus Germania (A book in Danish I'm reading).
 

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#435 In 1956 just 2 recording sessions* resulted in no less than 4 albums by the Miles Davis Quintet.

- Relaxin' with the Miles Davis Quintet,
- Steamin' with the Miles Davis Quintet,
- Workin' with the Miles Davis Quintet and
- Cookin' with the Miles Davis Quintet.

These four albums are considered to be among the best performances in the whole hard bop subgenre.
*on 11 May 1956 and 26 October in the same year.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relaxin%27_with_the_Miles_Davis_Quintet