[research] carthage

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Eoforhild

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Battle of Metaurus
Fought during the Second Punic War, this battle led to one of the most important victories the Romans had ever achieved over the Carthaginian Empire. They were actually so satisfied with it that they considered it a sort of revenge for Cannae. The Roman favorable outcome of this battle prevented Hannibal from linking forces with his brother Hasdrubal and receiving desperately needed reinforcements which could've potentially changed the tides of the war.
 

HannesFury

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There's a large number of nice illustrations showing variations of different applications of squamata in this research page. If indeed these were prevalent at the time, scale armors could be something worth incorporating to more of an extent. That stated, I dig the utter hodge podge that is the Carthaginian military. Apparently its composition would have varied to and fro within a single persons lifespan, for an instance depending upon ongoing wars and migration patterns, with phenomena such as swats of unemployed soldiers (or deserters, or refugees) willing to be hired as mercenaries.
 

matmohair1

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Maps




Roman Battle Formations




Plates...

A - Daybreak




B - Mid-Morning




C - Early Afternoon




 

MarcusU

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[size=12pt]Celtic and Iberian mercenaries and auxiliaries[/size]

The Celtic Iberians made up a large portion of the Carthaginian army. They served as skirmishers who did an excellent job at that, but not so much in melee however they could stand their ground in numbers and with support.


Contemporary interpretations:

A Celtic mercanary with some Spanish influence on the shield which is called a caetra. He wears a Gallic monterfortino


Celt - Iberian mercenaries, perhaps from a later period when Carthaginian troops looted Roman equipment more often (as can be seen from the lowest man's chain mail)


More Celt - Iberians, the warrior in the foreground wearing a helmet of chalcidian design. The man at the back has a saunion, or a soliferrum which is a javelin made completely from iron


An Iberian wearing a solid round metal cap with a horsetail plume and armoured with a kardiophylax, using a large buckler (an Iberian caetra) and falcata, although I believe that as he carries no ranged weaponry he would have a larger shield more suited to meele such as the scutum, or just as likely if not more, a thureo however the round shields of Iberia were very popular do to their light weight and mobility which makes the Iberian mercenaries excellent skirmish troops




Real designs:

An Iberian espasa, a short stabbing sword which was later adopted and re-designed by the Romans


A common design of sling


Archaeology:

An example of an espasa with a wider bladed design


A closer view of the Iberian's design of the Hellenic helmet


Some Celt - Iberians tend to wear a helmet which seems to be a monterfortino; it protects the entire head except from the back of the neck but it leaves the face open and commonly covers the ears although it does not tend to be worn with cheek straps but the helmet is one whole piece


Many Spanish mercenaries wore a direct design of the montefortino






 

Eoforhild

Knight at Arms
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Soldiers utilized by Carthage during the Second Punic War

Liby-Phoenician Spearmen [Reenactor]

Punic Soldiery (1)

Punic Soldiery (2)

Punic Soldier during the Battle of Zama
 

Dangermau5

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Page in Spanish that shows the origin of Carthage and its army.

https://arrecaballo.es/edad-antigua/cartago-y-las-guerras-punicas/
 

matmohair1

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Caesar's army in the Gallic war 58-50 year BC. - Florent Vincent

1. Auxiliary rider from Spain
2. Light infantry - Baleartian slinger, Cretan archer and a Numidian



Zvonimir Crbasic - The looting of the temple in Carthage after its capture 146 BC

 

matmohair1

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:idea:







Marek Szyszko. Iberian mercenary in the service of the Barcid Dynasty


Sandra Delgado. The betrothal of Hannibal and Imilce, 228 or 221 BC

 

matmohair1

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Joan Francesc Oliveras Pallerols,

Carthaginian officer and Libyan auxiliary (Macae tribe)



Phoenician infantryman