[research] carthage

Users who are viewing this thread

Battle of Metaurus
Fought during the Second Punic War, this battle led to one of the most important victories the Romans had ever achieved over the Carthaginian Empire. They were actually so satisfied with it that they considered it a sort of revenge for Cannae. The Roman favorable outcome of this battle prevented Hannibal from linking forces with his brother Hasdrubal and receiving desperately needed reinforcements which could've potentially changed the tides of the war.
14324526_1066856936743456_6646989411134878092_o.jpg
 
There's a large number of nice illustrations showing variations of different applications of squamata in this research page. If indeed these were prevalent at the time, scale armors could be something worth incorporating to more of an extent. That stated, I dig the utter hodge podge that is the Carthaginian military. Apparently its composition would have varied to and fro within a single persons lifespan, for an instance depending upon ongoing wars and migration patterns, with phenomena such as swats of unemployed soldiers (or deserters, or refugees) willing to be hired as mercenaries.
 
TWL804v.jpg


qPG0GwQ.jpg

DaOBXn7.jpg

4xtEhlM.jpg

V4GSnD7.jpg

PucEe26.jpg

gFhK0s4.jpg

Maps

HRwApNx.jpg

12BCKHy.jpg

6INFdD3.jpg

Roman Battle Formations

xTTFTvx.jpg

qKUSxT4.jpg

c0TtWOK.jpg

Plates...

A - Daybreak

lbQiGSn.jpg

MfyWh5W.jpg

k7F4aoZ.jpg

B - Mid-Morning

N2K41GM.jpg

zNBaeJR.jpg

EjpRK2l.jpg

C - Early Afternoon

VdknfIM.jpg

9yvqIXv.jpg

yMW8n9K.jpg

9VTWqXJ.jpg
 
[size=12pt]Celtic and Iberian mercenaries and auxiliaries[/size]

The Celtic Iberians made up a large portion of the Carthaginian army. They served as skirmishers who did an excellent job at that, but not so much in melee however they could stand their ground in numbers and with support.


Contemporary interpretations:

A Celtic mercanary with some Spanish influence on the shield which is called a caetra. He wears a Gallic monterfortino

GquQgMq.png

Celt - Iberian mercenaries, perhaps from a later period when Carthaginian troops looted Roman equipment more often (as can be seen from the lowest man's chain mail)

34yqIex.png

More Celt - Iberians, the warrior in the foreground wearing a helmet of chalcidian design. The man at the back has a saunion, or a soliferrum which is a javelin made completely from iron

NMP6RcL.png

An Iberian wearing a solid round metal cap with a horsetail plume and armoured with a kardiophylax, using a large buckler (an Iberian caetra) and falcata, although I believe that as he carries no ranged weaponry he would have a larger shield more suited to meele such as the scutum, or just as likely if not more, a thureo however the round shields of Iberia were very popular do to their light weight and mobility which makes the Iberian mercenaries excellent skirmish troops

AwLjOoE.png



Real designs:

An Iberian espasa, a short stabbing sword which was later adopted and re-designed by the Romans

zCGYy6h.png

A common design of sling

iX536VL.png

Archaeology:

An example of an espasa with a wider bladed design

XAMcgf7.png

A closer view of the Iberian's design of the Hellenic helmet

zeCLKs8.jpg

Some Celt - Iberians tend to wear a helmet which seems to be a monterfortino; it protects the entire head except from the back of the neck but it leaves the face open and commonly covers the ears although it does not tend to be worn with cheek straps but the helmet is one whole piece

FGTJhWk.png

Many Spanish mercenaries wore a direct design of the montefortino

CQdSClw.png





 
Soldiers utilized by Carthage during the Second Punic War
9936491384ceef6cf307b2c16ff80605.jpg
794c4e389a4774077a630779b1acd8e2.jpg

Liby-Phoenician Spearmen [Reenactor]
8bf188359f027a8b998020a37fb3be4c.jpg

Punic Soldiery (1)
EL%2BC%25C3%2593NSUL%2BMARCO%2BCLAUDIO%2BMARCELO%2B.%2BBLOG%2BIMPERIO%2BROMANO%2BDE%2BXAVIER%2BVALDERAS%2B%252829%2529.jpg

Punic Soldiery (2)
8f4ea6fc466bb7343531056f2b286500.jpg

Punic Soldier during the Battle of Zama
9af9885ff64ed17866411e2b1c7bfc02.jpg
 
Page in Spanish that shows the origin of Carthage and its army.

https://arrecaballo.es/edad-antigua/cartago-y-las-guerras-punicas/
 
Caesar's army in the Gallic war 58-50 year BC. - Florent Vincent

1. Auxiliary rider from Spain
2. Light infantry - Baleartian slinger, Cretan archer and a Numidian

imperial1556209396_1-min.jpg

imperial1556209596_7-min.jpg

Zvonimir Crbasic - The looting of the temple in Carthage after its capture 146 BC

imperial1556209901_16-min.jpg
 
:idea:

imperial1568062707_jinete_pnico_en_poca_de_anbal_siglo_iii_ac_marek_szyszko.jpg

imperial1570615793_063-07.jpg

imperial1569060791_.jpg

imperial1570615676_063-04___.jpg

imperial1570617588_063-05_numidian_infantry_header.jpg

imperial1570621697_063-06.jpg

Marek Szyszko. Iberian mercenary in the service of the Barcid Dynasty

imperial1568062741_caetrati_bero_al_servicio_de_la_dinasta_brcida_durante_la_segunda_guerra_pnica_siglo_iii_ac_marek_szyszko.jpg

Sandra Delgado. The betrothal of Hannibal and Imilce, 228 or 221 BC

imperial1570616607_063-08_esponsales_de_anbal_barca_y_la_princesa_bera_himilce_sobre_los_aos_228_y_221_ac_sandra_delgado.jpg
 
Joan Francesc Oliveras Pallerols,

Carthaginian officer and Libyan auxiliary (Macae tribe)

IkVQGdR.jpg

ZTsszpL.jpg

Phoenician infantryman

G5yfslZ.jpg
 
Back
Top Bottom