I think you really need to think about the fighters rather than what they were equipped with, especially if you look into ancient warfare. The majority of soldiers in say, Roman Republican times, were not professional soldiers. Think of the bit in '300' when Leonidas asks the soldiers they meet on the way to war "what is your profession?" and they answer blacksmith etc. They might be strong men, but they were not particularly skilled fighters. They probably couldn't pull off elaborate sword faints, they probably just knew and had drilled for a few hours on some basic techniques.
This man is stupid and likely knows nothing about warfare or ancient history.
The Romans were extremely smart. Their men were disciplined, outfitted well, well-trained and well-paid. They had all the right reasons to go to war and fight eagerly.
First of all, they were an excellent fighting force, as they fought together as a unit.
They were paid well, and were not at all forced into the army. Many men went willingly because of the gleam of gold.
They were also well-motivated. Roman officers performed cruel punishments if men broke ranks, like stoning every tenth man in the unit that ran. Unless I'm misremembering, I think they also made the soldiers stone their unlucky comrades.
They didn't have to pull off elaborate sword faints. Like I said, they fought as a cohesive unit, thus all they needed to do was stab at the guy in front of them, usually.
However, they also did hundreds of drills, for hours and hours upon end.
The tortoise, for example, was a great technique which the Romans used to defend against arrows. Google it if you do not know about the technique.
Nor does it matter about the type of man.
What matters is the ******** leader. If the general inspires admiration, respect, or fear and dread (either works), then the army will follow their leader. However, it is not just about the leader's attitude and personality. He also needs to be highly strategical and, basically, be a master at chess. They need to know their soldier's weaknesses and strengths intimately. All of these things and more.
@LordofShadows: I'm not sure what you're saying, but if you're saying tactics don't matter, you're retarded. I'm sorry, but if that's what you're saying, it is true. You simply must be retarded to think that.